Bromo Mountain explore

bromo mountain consists of some of view around it
bromo mountain located on probolinggo city,east java,there was sunrising at Pananjakan one

Mount Bromo (IndonesianGunung Bromo), is an active volcano and part of the Tengger massif, in East JavaIndonesia. At 2,329 meters (7,641 ft) it is not the highest peak of the massif, but is the most well known. The massif area is one of the most visited tourist attractions in East JavaIndonesia. The volcano belongs to the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park. The name of Bromo derived from Javanese pronunciation of Brahma, the Hindu creator god.

Mount Bromo sits in the middle of a plain called the “Sea of Sand” (JavaneseSegara Wedi or IndonesianLautan Pasir), a protected nature reserve since 1919. The typical way to visit Mount Bromo is from the nearby mountain village of Cemoro Lawang. From there it is possible to walk to the volcano in about 45 minutes, but it is also possible to take an organised jeep tour, which includes a stop at the viewpoint on Mount Penanjakan (2,770 m or 9,088 ft) (IndonesianGunung Penanjakan). The viewpoint on Mount Penanjakan can also be reached on foot in about two hours.

Depending on the degree of volcanic activity, the Indonesian Centre for Volcanology and Disaster Hazard Mitigation sometimes issues warnings against visiting Mount Bromo.

ijen tour baluran national park

Baluran National Park is located in Situbondo RegencyEast JavaIndonesia. It has a relatively dry climate and mainly consists of savanna (40%), as well as lowland forests, mangrove forests and hills, with Mount Baluran (1,247m) as its highest peak.[2]

Baluran National Park is situated at the north-eastern extremity of Java, close to the islands of Bali and Madura. The park is bordered by the Madura Strait to the north, the Bali Strait to the east, the river Bajulmati (Wonorejo village) to the west and the river Klokoran (Sumberanyar village) to the south. The park is a rough circle, with the extinct volcano, Baluran, at its centre. Its total area is 25,000 ha.[3] It consists of five zones: the Main Zone (12,000 ha), the Wilderness Zone (5,537 ha, comprising 1,063 ha water and 4,574 ha land), the Intensive Utilization Zone (800 ha), the Specific Utilization Zone (5,780 ha) and the Rehabilitation Zone (783 ha).[4]

 

Flora and fauna[edit]

Ziziphus mauritiana trees in the park

There have been 444 plant species recorded in the park, including some endangered plant species such as: Ziziphus rotundifoliaTamarindus indicaDioscorea hispidaAleurites moluccanus and Corypha utan.[3]

Baluran National Park hosts 26 mammal species, including the endangered bantengSumatran dholeIndian muntjacJava mouse-deerfishing catJavan leopard and Javan lutung.[citation needed]The banteng population decreased from 338 in 1996 to just 26 in 2012.[2]

Avifauna in the park include the green peafowlred junglefowlMalabar pied hornbillrhinoceros hornbill and lesser adjutant.[3] Until 2010 there had been 155 species of bird recorded in the park, but following a bird photography competition in 2012, the number of species was revised to 196.[5]

The area has been protected since 1928, first initiated by the Dutch hunter A.H. Loedeboer. In 1937 it was declared a wildlife refuge by the Dutch colonial government.[7] In 1980 the area was declared a national park.[3]

Poaching poses a major threat to the wildlife in the park, especially to the decreasing banteng population. According to ProFauna Indonesia, not only locals but also members of the military have been involved in poaching.[7]

Acacia nilotica which occupied at least 6,000 hectares of savannah at the Baluran National Park made bantengs difficult to find food. In 2013, there were only 35 bantengs, while in 1996 there were still 320 bantengs.[8]

How to hiking ijen volcano

 

hiking to ijen volcano
hiking to ijen volcano in searching a aturl phenomena Bluefire

Do you have mesmerizing electric blue fire, streaming down the mountain during the night, a turquoise, tranquil, but highly toxic lake with a sunrise that leaves you in awe with various shades of pink and purple as a backdrop, yourself being enrobed in sulphur clouds, breathing into a gas mask,making you look like a soldier on a mission and passing men carrying for hours up to 90 kilos of suplhur in baskets on their shoulders in mind when planning a hike in Indonesia?

sulfur miners
sulfur miners bring up yellow stone around 75kg

Around the acid lake and on the crater rim you find miners selling figures made of sulfur (the small ones cost IDR 10.000 and the bigger ones IDR 20.000) to make an additional income. Frankly speaking, I have no idea what do with those objects (maybe a paper weight ?), but we all bought a few, as the hardship of those miners made us want to give a least a small token of appreciation.

Miners selling little sulphur figures. Not even our friend Pati knew what to do with her Donald Duck figure, but she nearly bought the whole stock anyway! I think she was their best customer ever.

This is the easy part (about 30 minutes of the 1 ½ hours total) up and down from the crater rim to and from the base camp.  As you can see, this is really very manageable for even people not considered super fit.

Ijen Sukamade turtle beach

Sukamade beach is about 97 km to southwest of Banyuwangi. It is a natural, quiet, beautiful place and part of the 50,000 hectare Meru Betiri National Park.Almost every night of the year, turtles appear on Sukamade beach to lay eggs. It is clearly a globally important site and one which is protected 24 hours a day, 365 days a year by the over-worked park rangers. Some eggs are taken by the rangers to protect them from predators, both human and other animals. These are incubated in the safety of the park hatchery and the youngsters are released to the ocean on the very beach from where the eggs were laid. There are similar beaches within the park boundary but it seems to be Sukamade that the turtles prefer.

The stability of the turtle population has been helped by a careful system of tagging and monitoring, as well as the use of the special hatcheries. Watching these giant creatures emerge from the surf and struggle-up the beach to lay their eggs on a moonlit night is a unique and unforgettable experience, and one which is certain to ensure Sukamade’s ever-growing profile. This is certainly off the beaten track and requires some effort to reach but it is very worthwhile indeed.

Suamade turtle beach
sukamade turtle beach is the firdaus beach for turtles lay eggs
the eggs of blue turtle
the eggs amount of blue turtle aroung 100 pcs
blue turtle at sukamadae beach
species blue turtle is laying eggs

Teluk Hijau or Green bay is located in Pesanggaran District , precisely in Sarongan village. It located about 90 km to south of Banyuwangi town. To reach this beach from Banyuwangi we just follow the directions to Pesanggaran-Sarongan-Sukamade, that are still one lane of route to Sukamade beach, Merubetiri National Park.Green Bay is typical white sandy beach and the sand is find and it easily embedded in the skin. The bay also has panoramic view with green sea water inside and 8 meter high of waterfall. For those who give visit to this bay, the vehicles can be parked near Rajagwesi beach then we can walked to Green bay as far as +/- 2km. There is also a parking spot closer to the Green bay, but the roads are inadequate.

green bay banyuwangi

Ijen Volcano Bluefire

Bluefire at ijen volcano
bluefire is the procces of sulfure burned in air due to hight pressure and temperature

The Ijen volcano complex is a group of composite volcanoes in the Banyuwangi Regency of East JavaIndonesia.It is inside a larger caldera Ijen, which is about 20 kilometres wide. The Gunung Merapi stratovolcano is the highest point of that complex. The name “Gunung Merapi” means “mountain of fire” in the Indonesian language (api being “fire”); Mount Merapi in central Java and Marapi in Sumatra have the same etymology.West of Gunung Merapi is the Ijen volcano, which has a one-kilometre-wide turquoise-coloured acidic crater lake. The lake is the site of a labour-intensive sulfur mining operation, in which sulfur-laden baskets are carried by hand from the crater floor. The work is paid well considering the cost of living in the area, but is very onerous.[3] Workers earn around Rp 50,000–75,000 ($5.50–$8.30) per day and once out of the crater, still need to carry their loads of sulfur chunks about three kilometers to the nearby Paltuding Valley to get paid.[4]

Many other post-caldera cones and craters are located within the caldera or along its rim. The largest concentration of post-caldera cones run east-west across the southern side of the caldera. The active crater at Kawah Ijen has a diameter of 722 metres (2,369 ft) and a surface area of 0.41 square kilometres (0.16 sq mi). It is 200 metres (660 ft) deep and has a volume of 36 cubic hectometres (29,000 acre⋅ft).

The lake is recognised as the largest highly acidic crater lake in the world.[1]It is also a source for the river Banyupahit, resulting in highly acidic and metal-enriched river water which has a significant detrimental effect on the downstream river ecosystem.[5] On July 14–15, 2008, explorer George Kourounis took a small rubber boat out onto the acid lake to measure its acidity. The pH of the water in the lake’s edges was measured to be 0.5 and in the middle of the lake 0.13 due to high sulfuric acid concentration.[6]

Tour to Ijen Volcano

the lake at ijen volcano
ijen volcano is a mountain located between the cities of banyuwangi and bondowoso, in mount ijen there are craters and lakes where there are natural phenomena known as blue fire

Indonesia’s Kawah Ijen volcano, located near the eastern tip of Java island, is a relatively ordinary volcano by day. OK so it’s kind of terrifying, as most volcanoes are, but there’s nothing about it that outwardly separates it from any of the other hundreds of volcanoes in this island country.

Inside Kawah Ijen Volcano

You’ll also need a gas mask: When you begin your descent into the crater, toxic sulfur fumes blow over you, marring not only your ability to breathe, but also your visibility. (It’s for this reason that you should also probably bring a local guide with you—but more on that in a minute).

Around the time the clock strikes three or four, you’ll have arrived at the bottom of the crater, and laid your eyes upon one of the most alien sights on our planet: Blue fire spewing out of the ground! The vibrant blue hue of these flames, which results from heavy sulfur deposits in the volcano, is best seen during the darkest part of the night, hence your needing to wake up long before the crack of dawn.

The Dark Side of the Blue Light

As you continue marveling at the azure beauty unfolding in front of you, you might notice dozens or even hundreds of men around you, moving feverishly—and without gas masks. These are sulfur miners, residents of small villages around the base of the volcano, employed by the Chinese company that owns the mine.

 

Think your trek was difficult? The miners carry approximately 88 pounds of powdery, toxic sulfur at a time, in two baskets connected by a beam of bamboo and suspended over their shoulders, over the same distance—and probably faster than you walked it. They also earn less than $7 (yes, that’s U.S. dollars) for their effort, in spite of the fact that sulfur has an extremely high commercial value.

The miners won’t mind you being there (although, again, you should probably take a guide) but it’s customary to tip them 10,000-20,000 Indonesian rupiah so they can buy cigarettes—smoking is their favorite creature comfort, which is perhaps ironic given the damage the sulfur fumes almost certainly inflict upon their lungs. Hopefully in the future, local people won’t need to do this backbreaking work, and the only reason to go down into Indonesia’s blue-fire volcano will be tourism.

Kawah Ijen Guided Tours

When it comes to guides, several Indonesian companies offer tours, but the best way to go about seeing the blue fire of Kawah Ijen volcano is to hire a local guide.

the guide is not only passionate, professional and fluent in English, but invests proceeds from his tours into education in his village, which will decrease the dependency of locals on mining jobs, ultimately increasing the quality of their lives. One day, he hopes, there will be no sadness felt at Kawah Ijen volcano—only amazement!

How to Get to Banyuwangi

As far as how to get there, you have a few options. Blimbingsari Airport near Banyuwangi has recently opened for limited flights, but if you aren’t able to get on one of those, you have two relatively easy options.